DHS Privacy Suggestions on Agency Drone Programs


DHS Privacy Suggestions on Agency Drone Programs
As technology continues to blur the lines between privacy and security, the Homeland Security Department has several suggestions to help agencies consider civil rights and liberties issues when setting up their respective unmanned aircraft system programs.

The DHS Unmanned Aircraft Systems Privacy, Civil Rights and Civil Liberties Working Group, which department leaders formed about three years ago, released 15 best practices for agencies as they establish their own unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) or drones.

Co-chairs of the working group acknowledged that all suggestions might not apply to every agency. But DHS — specifically CBP can draw on 10 years of experience from using unmanned aircraft to protect U.S. borders, they wrote.

“The DHS Working Group neither proposes nor intends that this document regulate any other government entity,” the co-chairs wrote in a joint statement. Our goal, rather, is simply to share the best practices we have identified as helping to sustain privacy, civil rights and civil liberties throughout the lifecycle of an unmanned aircraft systems program.

The group includes DHS Officer for Civil Rights and Civil Liberties Megan Mack, DHS Chief Privacy Officer Karen Neuman and Customs and Border Protection Deputy Assistant Commissioner Edward Young.

Many of the group’s recommendations serve as reminders to agencies that as they begin to establish UAS programs, they keep privacy, civil liberties and rights experts involved throughout the entire implementation process from the procurement to audit and oversight stages.

Agencies should, for example, regularly keep track and submit reports to their legal, privacy, civil rights and civil liberties experts on all of their UAS activities and the complaints they receive.

Other suggestions center around the issue of information sharing and security.

Before setting up a UAS program, the group suggests some agencies conduct a Privacy Threshold Analysis to determine whether their programs will conduct personally identifiable information (PII).

Agencies should also set up security safeguards to prevent data loss or unauthorized access to PII.

Security measures should be layered to avoid reliance on any single security measure, the working group said. Employ several measures that functionally overlap to create redundancy in the security of data and the overall program.

But the guidelines lack specifics on how long agencies can store information about individuals, which Neema Singh Guliani, legislative counsel at the American Civil Liberties Union, said is a problem.

The working group, for example, suggests agencies establish an approved records retention schedule that would systematically get rid of the information that is no longer useful or legal to keep.

Ensure retention periods are compatible with the type of data retained and needs of the unmanned aircraft program, the group suggested. Data collected that does not pertain to an authorized purpose should not be retained beyond 180 days.

But Singh Guliani said agencies could do a lot with that information in 180 days. If one agency uses a drone to collect information for a specific, authorized purpose and holds that data for 90 days, it could give another organization that same information, she said.

Right now, if you have information for an authorized purpose whatever that means and throughout the course of that you want to use if for another purpose, theres nothing that says you cant do that, Singh Guliani said.

The 15 best practices are:

1.Consult legal counsel, privacy and civil rights and liberties experts at each step in the formation process.
2.Publicly state the purpose for setting up an unmanned aircraft system program.
3.Publicly document any changes to the programs purpose.
4.Put a senior official, preferably one in an agencys privacy and civil liberties office, in charge of overseeing the program.
5.Consult privacy and civil liberties experts throughout the implementation process.
6.Conduct an analysis of possible privacy and civil liberties concerns before establishing a program.
7.Limit the data and information that unmanned aircraft systems collect and keep, and comply with records retention policies.
8.Respect constitutional activities.
9.Set up a redress program that can receive, investigate and address privacy, civil liberties and rights complaints.
10.Establish audits and other accountability procedures.
11.Design the UAS with the proper security controls to ensure that the right data stays in the proper place.
12.Include legal, privacy and civil rights considerations in the procurement process.
13.Maintain a transparent and open relationship with the public about the UAS and its implementation.
14.Train personnel on privacy and civil liberties issues that may come up when operating an unmanned aircraft system.
15.Develop a system for handling UAS service requests.

Though the recommendations are intended for federal, state and local agencies, as well as government partners and grantees, the private sector might also find them useful, the co-chairs wrote.

FAA Finalizes Rules for Small Unmanned Aircraft Systems

FAA Finalizes Rules for Small Unmanned Aircraft Systems
Today, the Department of Transportation’s Federal Aviation Administration has finalized the firstoperational rules for routine commercial use of small unmanned aircraft systems (UAS or “drones”), opening pathways towards fully integrating UAS into the nations airspace. These new regulations work to harness new innovations safely, to spur job growth, advance critical scientific research and save lives.

Embry-Riddle Consumer Guide to sUAS for Novices

Embry-Riddle Consumer Guide to sUAS for Novices
A research team at Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University’s Worldwide Campus has created the first-ever comprehensive consumer guide to small unmanned aircraft systems (sUAS) for novice users–those individuals interested in purchasing their first small remote controlled or autonomous multi-rotor flying aircraft.

DroneDeploy Users Map 3,000,000 Acres

DroneDeploy Users Map 3,000,000 Acres
At the Drones Data X Conference in San Francisco, Mike Winn, co-founder and CEO of DroneDeploy, announced in his keynote that our users had achieved a new industry milestone: 3,000,000 drone mapped acres across 120 countries.

Companies Team for UAS Inspection of Wind Turbines

Companies Team for UAS Inspection of Wind Turbines
Two companies involved in aerial wind inspection services, HUVRdata, based in Austin, TX and EdgeData based in Grand Forks, ND, announced a collaboration to deliver a suite of wind industry data intelligence tools and credential processes to optimize the use of this technology within the wind industry.

DARPA Demo Day at the Pentagon

DARPA Demo Day at the Pentagon
The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency yesterday hosted DARPA Demo Day 2016 at the Pentagon, giving the Defense Department community an up-close look at the agency’s portfolio of innovative technologies and military systems.

FAA Enables Section 333 UAS Registration Online

FAA Enables Section 333 UAS Registration Online
What’s not to like about an automated government system thats faster, simpler and more user-friendly than the paper-based system it supplements?

Europe Wants UAS for Migrant Route Surveillance

Europe Wants UAS for Migrant Route Surveillance
EU border patrol agency Frontex announced Friday that it is in talks with industry for using remotely piloted aircraft for maritime surveillance, adding drones to its existing portfolio of satellite and sensor technologies for monitoring vessel traffic and migrant flows.

AUVSI Study of FAA Exemptions Published

AUVSI Study of FAA Exemptions Published
The Association for Unmanned Vehicle Systems International (AUVSI) has released an interactive analysis that finds 38 types of business operations have been approved by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) to fly unmanned aircraft systems commercially in the National Airspace System (NAS). According to the report that analyzed more than 3,000 FAA exemptions, aerial photography received the most, followed by real estate and aerial inspection. The report also finds that exemptions have been approved in all 50 states and Puerto Rico.

Senate Bill Calls for Certification of Unmanned Aircraft

Senate Bill Calls for Certification of Unmanned Aircraft
The Senate’s version of the FAA Reauthorization Act of 2016 has finally made it out of committee, and it contains 65 pages of requirements for unmanned aircraft systems (UAS). Some of these provisions go to the heart of the Federal Aviation Administrations (FAA) philosophy for dealing with unmanned aircraft. If enacted, the legislation could have a profound impact on the development of this industry.

Antimatter Space Propulsion Possible within a Decade

Antimatter Space Propulsion Possible within a Decade
Dreams of antimatter space propulsion are closer to reality than most rocket scientists could ever imagine, says former Fermilab physicist Gerald Jackson. In fact, if money were no object, he says an antimatter-driven spacecraft prototype could be tested within a decade. To that end, next month, Jackson and his Chicago-based Hbar Technologies firm are launching a $200,000 Kickstarter campaign to crowdfund the next phase of its antimatter propulsion research.

Pages: Prev. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Next

Back to the list