Swarms of Drones Test New Dogfighting Skills

2017-04-25

Swarms of Drones Test New Dogfighting Skills
Aerial dogfighting began more than a century ago in the skies over Europe with propeller-driven fighter aircraft carried aloft on wings of fabric and wood. An event held recently in southern California could mark the beginning of a new chapter in this form of aerial combat.

In what may have been the first aerial encounter of its kind, researchers from the Georgia Tech Research Institute and Naval Postgraduate School recently pitted two swarms of autonomous aircraft against one another over a military test facility. While the friendly encounter may not have qualified as an old-fashioned dogfight, it provided the first example of a live engagement between two swarms of unmanned air vehicles (UAVs), and allowed the two teams to demonstrate different combat tactics in flight.

“The ability to engage a swarm of threat UAVs with another autonomous swarm is an area of critical research for defense applications,” said Don Davis, division chief of the Robotics and Autonomous Systems Branch of the Georgia Tech Research Institute. “This experiment demonstrated the advances made in collaborative autonomy and the ability of a team of unmanned vehicles to execute complex missions. This encounter will serve to advance and inform future efforts in developing autonomous vehicle capabilities.”

Each team launched ten small propeller-driven Zephyr aircraft, though two of the aircraft experienced technical issues at launch and were unable to compete, resulting in a 10 versus 8 competition. Although the UAVs were physically identical, their computers used different autonomy logic, collaboration approaches, and communications software developed by the two institutions. GPS tracking allowed each aircraft to know the location of the others for this demonstration. In the future, this information will be provided by on-board cameras, radars, and other sensors and payloads.

Each aircraft used a single-board mission computer, and for this demonstration, an open-source autopilot maintained flight control. The aircraft also had Wi-Fi systems that allowed them to communicate with other aircraft and with a ground station.

“Both teams were trying to solve the same problem of flying a large swarm in a meaningful mission, and we came up with solutions that were similar in some ways and different in others,” said Charles Pippin, a senior research scientist at the Georgia Tech Research Institute. “By comparing how well each approach worked in the air, we were able to compare strategies and tactics on platforms capable of the same flight dynamics.”

The foam-wing aircraft couldn’t actually shoot at one another, so a ground computer determined when an aircraft would have been in a position to attack another aircraft. The swarm teams flew three different sorties to compare different algorithms. The event took place February 9, 2017 at Camp Roberts, a California National Guard facility in Monterey County, Calif.

The two institutions have been working together since 2015 on issues involving collaborative autonomy – the ability of autonomous vehicles to work together to accomplish a given task. The Georgia Tech researchers have been using aircraft known as Skywalkers that are similar to the Zephyrs used by the Naval Postgraduate School.

“This was a very successful test,” said Davis. “It gave us, as far as I know, the first actual experimentation of flying two autonomous swarms of UAVs against one another with no human control, other than sending high level commands or sending a message to engage. We were really trying to understand how different autonomy tactics work against other autonomy tactics.”

For each UAV, the autonomy algorithms were fully in control of the aircraft, but a safety pilot stood by to take control of any aircraft if necessary.  The autopilots also had built in safety constraints, such as airspace boundaries and ranges.

Such aerial demonstrations are the third step in the process that the Georgia Tech team uses to test its autonomy systems, Pippin said. As a first step, tactics are rapidly tested on a simulator that runs 30 times faster than real time. Next, promising approaches are tested on a full software stack that includes a high-resolution simulation.

“We run hardware-in-the-loop simulations where we have the actual algorithms running on the hardware we fly,” said Pippin. “The full software stack includes the autonomy logic, communications systems, collaboration algorithms and other software that is then inserted directly into the actual aircraft. In the third step, the tactics are flown on the aircraft on test ranges. In this case, we used the Zephrys and flew the swarms at Camp Roberts.”

The Georgia Tech researchers are using machine learning to help their autonomy system optimize performance and recognize under which circumstances a particular tactic may be advantageous.

“Right now, we’re more interested in the research questions about autonomous coordination among the vehicles and the tactical behavior of the groups of vehicles,” Pippin explained. “We are focusing our efforts on how these vehicles cooperate and want to understand what it means for them to operate as a team.”

Dogfighting tactics have advanced dramatically since the World War I, but the advent of UAV swarms may bring a brand new set of challenges. Unmanned vehicles have freedom to dive, bank, and climb at rates human pilots cannot tolerate. But the real advantage may be in computing power that could track dozens of adversaries – far more than any human pilot could do – and develop new ways to address challenges.

“Autonomous techniques using machine learning may identify new tactics that a human would never think of,” added Davis. “Humans tend to base their techniques on tactics that manned fighters have used in the past. These autonomous aircraft may invoke new strategies.”

In addition those already named, the Georgia Tech Research Institute team that supported the swarm demonstration included Michael Day, Kevin DeMarco, David Jensen, Rick Presley, and Evan Hammac. Others supporting the project included Michael Matthews, Eric Squires, Rob Bever, Eric Trewhitt, and students Laura Strickland, Avery Leonard, Natalie Rakosky, and Jeremy Feltracco.

Source: uasvision.com




Minnesota DoT Testing Drones for Bridge Inspections

2015-11-30
Minnesota DoT Testing Drones for Bridge Inspections
“We do underneath rope access inspections,” said Barritt Lovelace, a regional manager for Collins Engineers Inc., an agency headquartered in Chicago with offices throughout the country. “Basically, we rock-climb bridges. It’s a lot of fun.” In Duluth recently, Lovelace stood with a host of others below the Blatnik Bridge to participate in a demonstration of the Minnesota Department of Transportation’s ongoing study of using drones for bridge inspection purposes.

Over 2,100 Commercial End Users, Vendors at First Annual Drone World Expo

2015-11-23
Over 2,100 Commercial End Users, Vendors at First Annual Drone World Expo
The first ever Drone World Expo had an extremely successful launch last week at the San Jose Convention Center. The exhibit hall floor featured 75 exhibiting companies and the event attracted 2,120 commercial drone professionals. The exhibitors responded enthusiastically about their experience at the new trade show with many already planning on renewing booth space for the 2016 Show which will take place November 15-16 back at the San Jose Convention Center.

Drone Standards Tough To Reach For Young Pilots

2015-11-11
Drone Standards Tough To Reach For Young Pilots

Megan Halek could be the best unmanned aircraft pilot coming out of the University of North Dakota’s highly regarded aviation program this year: She’s aced a training program and has enough air experience to fly private jets worldwide.

Drone World Expo – Exclusive Board Member Interviews

2015-11-04
Drone World Expo – Exclusive Board Member Interviews

To find out what inspires their interest in UAS and attracts the Advisory Board Members to support Drone World Expo, we scheduled a series of exclusive interviews. Our eleventh interviewee is Gretchen West, Senior Advisor of Innovation and Technology at Hogan Lovells.

US DoT Seeks Public Comments on UAS Registration

2015-10-26
US DoT Seeks Public Comments on UAS Registration

In a surprise move, DOT just published a document,Clarification of the Applicability of Aircraft Registration Requirements for UAS and Request for Information Regarding Electronic Registration for UAS, to the Federal Register. DOT is soliciting recommendations on all aspects of the UAS registration process, including which UAS should be exempt from the registration requirement.

UK Military Aviation Authority to Update Unmanned Operations Guidelines

2015-10-20
UK Military Aviation Authority to Update Unmanned Operations Guidelines
The UK’s Military Aviation Authority is preparing the release of an updated version of its regulations on unmanned air vehicles, which will draw on feedback from a first document that was released last January.

Drones are providing film and TV viewers a new perspective on the action

2015-10-09
Drones are providing film and TV viewers a new perspective on the action

Adazed and bloodied student who had just been mugged stumbled down a darkened alleyway in a slum. He lifted his shirt, revealing a gaping wound, before collapsing on the ground as curious onlookers gathered around.

 Air National Guard wants to Fly MQ-9 Reaper from Syracuse’s Hancock Airport

2015-10-04
Air National Guard wants to Fly MQ-9 Reaper from Syracuse’s Hancock Airport
The Air National Guard wants to fly remotely piloted aircrafts out of Hancock Field at the Syracuse International Airport. The change would save time and money, as the National Guard has to send its aircrafts to fly from Fort Drum because of airspace restrictions.

NASA Grant Supports Wildfire Research

2015-09-29
NASA Grant Supports Wildfire Research

Two Northwest Nazarene University assistant professors have been awarded a NASA grant to support their research on wildfire monitoring and assessment technology.
Assistant professor of computer science Dale Hamilton and associate professor of computer science Barry Myers weer awarded a NASA EPSCoR (experimental program to stimulate competitive research) Undergraduate Research Grant

RPAS Environmental Protection Demo in Wales

2015-09-25
RPAS Environmental Protection Demo in Wales

QinetiQ is to demonstrate the use of Remotely Piloted Air Systems (RPAS) in tackling environmental issues in a one-week project on the Welsh coast in November 2015.


Pages: Prev. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Next

Back to the list


Pages: Prev. 1 ... 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 ... 892 Next
Quote Name
sckensangl OLIVIER, 12.01.2018 17:01:53
Quote Name
sckensangl OLIVIER, 12.01.2018 17:01:50
Quote Name
sckensangl OLIVIER, 12.01.2018 17:01:47
Quote Name
sckensangl OLIVIER, 12.01.2018 17:01:45
Quote Name
sckensangl OLIVIER, 12.01.2018 17:01:42
Quote Name
sckensangl OLIVIER, 12.01.2018 17:01:38
Quote Name
italetwwgb, 12.01.2018 10:36:36
what to expect taking viagra buy generic viagra how much is cialis per pill buy cialis buy viagra http://motechautomotive.com
Quote Name
ntaletkqva, 12.01.2018 08:34:01
buying viagra in canada buy cialis australia cialis professional 20 mg generic cialis online buy cialis online http://skyrank.com
Quote Name
edarmellino vigorda, 12.01.2018 07:50:48
tiffany utlopp
Tiffany smycken utloppTiffany och co utloppet






tiffany utlopptiffany utloppTiffany smycken utlopp
Tiffany Manschettknappar Försäljning Online , Tiffany & Co Smycken Outlet Spara 68 % US Dollar Euro GB Pound Canadian Dollar Australian Dollar Jappen Yen Norske Krone Swedish Krone Danish Krone CNY Kategorier Tiffany & Co Halsband Tiffany & Co Armband Tiffany & Co Charms Tiffany & Co Hängen Tiffany & Co Manschettknappar Tiffany & Co Nyckelringar Tiffany & Co Örhängen Tiffany & Co Ringar Tiffany & Co Sets Tiffany & Co Ställer Ny Tiffany & Co Tillbehör Utvalda - [mer] ImageTiffany Halsband Smycken Silver Vatten väska hängande halsband [0cf6]
Tiffany Halsband Smycken Silver Vatten väska hängande halsband [0cf6]SEK 2,789 SEK 624 Spara: 78% mindre ImageTiffany Halsband Smycken Teardrop Hook Silver Halsband [82c3]Tiffany Halsband Smycken Teardrop Hook Silver Halsband [82c3]SEK 2,835 SEK 651 Spara: 77% mindre ImageTiffany and co Bracelets Exquisite Oval jewelry [695b]Tiffany and co Bracelets Exquisite Oval jewelry [695b]SEK 2,707 SEK 587 Spara: 78% mindre ImageTiffany Necklaces Jewelry Crystal Puppy Silver Necklace [d511]
Tiffany Necklaces Jewelry Crystal Puppy Silver Necklace [d511]SEK 2,707 SEK 642 Spara: 76% mindre Erbjudande - [mer] ImageTiffany and co Earrings Tri circle [065f]
Tiffany and co Earrings Tri circle [065f]SEK 3,193 SEK 551 Spara: 83% mindre ImageTiffany och co örhängen trimmad Circle Letters smycken [791b]SEK 2,542 SEK 569 Spara: 78% mindre ImageTiffany and co Earrings Triangular Set Of Letters jewelry [4f99]
Tiffany and co Earrings Triangular Set Of Letters jewelry [4f99]SEK 2,523 SEK 505 Spara: 80% mindre Hem :: Tiffany & Co Manschettknappar Tiffany & Co Manschettknappar Filter Results by: Produkter startar med ... A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Visar 1 till 15 (av 84 produkter) 1 [/b] 2 3 4 5 [Nästa >>] ImageTiffany and co Cufflinks 1837 Collection [6d10]
Tiffany and co Cufflinks 1837 Collection [6d10]Brand story : Sedan 1837 har mästerverk av Tiffany & Co definierad... SEK 3,193 SEK 587 Spara: 82% mindre ImageKöp Nu ImageTiffany and co Cufflinks 1837 Rectangular [3ca2]
Tiffany and co Cufflinks 1837 Rectangular [3ca2]Brand story : Sedan 1837 har mästerverk av Tiffany & Co definierad... SEK 3,037 SEK 633 Spara: 79% mindre ImageKöp Nu ImageTiffany and co Cufflinks aircraft [95d8]
Tiffany and co Cufflinks aircraft [95d8]Brand story : Sedan 1837 har mästerverk av Tiffany & Co definierad... SEK 2,909 SEK 523 Spara: 82% mindre ImageKöp Nu ImageTiffany and co Cufflinks Atlas Collection [6e9f]
Tiffany and co Cufflinks Atlas Collection [6e9f]Brand story : Sedan 1837 har mästerverk av Tiffany & Co definierad... SEK 3,000 SEK 541 Spara: 82% mindre ImageKöp Nu ImageTiffany and co Cufflinks Atlas cube [dfa5]Tiffany and co Cufflinks Atlas cube [dfa5]Brand story : Sedan 1837 har mästerverk av Tiffany & Co definierad... SEK 2,863 SEK 606 Spara: 79% mindre Image <div style="vertical-align: middle;height:243px">Image</div>Tiffany and co Cufflinks Atlas Of Exquisite Inlay jewelry [ac56]Brand story : Sedan 1837 har mästerverk av Tiffany & Co definierad... SEK 2,496 SEK 560 Spara: 78% mindre ImageKöp Nu ImageTiffany and co Cufflinks Atlas Of Fine Silver1 jewelry [6289]Tiffany and co Cufflinks Atlas Of Fine Silver1 jewelry [6289]Brand story : Sedan 1837 har mästerverk av Tiffany & Co definierad... SEK 2,413 SEK 551 Spara: 77% mindre Image ImageTiffany and co Cufflinks Atlas [0806]
Tiffany and co Cufflinks Atlas [0806]Brand story : Sedan 1837 har mästerverk av Tiffany & Co definierad... SEK 3,009 SEK 514 Spara: 83% mindre ImageKöp Nu ImageTiffany and co Cufflinks Bead Like Silver Refined Crude jewelry [d877]
Tiffany and co Cufflinks Bead Like Silver Refined Crude jewelry [d877]Brand story : Sedan 1837 har mästerverk av Tiffany & Co definierad... SEK 2,413 SEK 578 Spara: 76% mindre ImageKöp Nu ImageTiffany and Co Cufflinks Black Round [468a]
Tiffany and Co Cufflinks Black Round [468a]Brand story : Sedan 1837 har mästerverk av Tiffany & Co definierad... SEK 2,771 SEK 560 Spara: 80% mindre ImageKöp Nu <div style="vertical-align: middle;height:243px">Image</div>Tiffany and co Cufflinks Collection [0af3]Brand story : Sedan 1837 har mästerverk av Tiffany & Co definierad... SEK 3,110 SEK 569 Spara: 82% mindre ImageKöp Nu <div style="vertical-align: middle;height:243px">Image</div>Tiffany and co Cufflinks Cross Shaped Fine Silver jewelry [2d6c]Brand story : Sedan 1837 har mästerverk av Tiffany & Co definierad... SEK 2,441 SEK 551 Spara: 77% mindre ImageKöp Nu ImageTiffany and co Cufflinks Cross [7bb5]Tiffany and co Cufflinks Cross [7bb5]Brand story : Sedan 1837 har mästerverk av Tiffany & Co definierad... SEK 3,083 SEK 624 Spara: 80% mindre ImageKöp Nu ImageTiffany and co Cufflinks Elsa ETERNAL CIRCLE [2094]
Tiffany and co Cufflinks Elsa ETERNAL CIRCLE [2094]Brand story : Sedan 1837 har mästerverk av Tiffany & Co definierad... SEK 3,193 SEK 606 Spara: 81% mindre ImageKöp Nu ImageTiffany and co Cufflinks Elsa Peretti Almond [2b25]
Tiffany and co Cufflinks Elsa Peretti Almond [2b25]Brand story : Sedan 1837 har mästerverk av Tiffany & Co definierad... SEK 3,083 SEK 606 Spara: 80% mindre ImageKöp Nu Visar 1 till 15 (av 84 produkter) 1 [/b] 2 3 4 5 [Nästa >>] Nya Produkter för juli - Tiffany & Co Manschettknappar ImageTiffany and co Cufflinks Fine Silver Cubic jewelry [0b2a]Tiffany and co Cufflinks Fine Silver Cubic jewelry [0b2a]SEK 2,624 SEK 569 Spara: 78% mindre ImageTiffany and co Cufflinks Letters Collection [0184]Tiffany and co Cufflinks Letters Collection [0184]SEK 3,110 SEK 532 Spara: 83% mindre <div style="vertical-align: middle;height:200px">Image</div>Tiffany and co Cufflinks Fine Silver Oval Curved jewelry [5526]SEK 2,468 SEK 532 Spara: 78% mindre ImageTiffany and co Cufflinks Palomas Groove silver [9e1f]
Tiffany and co Cufflinks Palomas Groove silver [9e1f]SEK 2,982 SEK 596 Spara: 80% mindre ImageTiffany och co Manschettknappar Notes Square [f48b]Tiffany och co Manschettknappar Notes Square [f48b]SEK 2,945 SEK 569 Spara: 81% mindre ImageTiffany and co Cufflinks from the Reture to tiffany Collection [2825]Tiffany and co Cufflinks from the Reture to tiffany Collection [2825]SEK 3,000 SEK 569 Spara: 81% mindre <div style="vertical-align: middle;height:200px">Image</div>Tiffany and co Cufflinks Round [d074]SEK 2,954 SEK 578 Spara: 80% mindre ImageTiffany and co Cufflinks Fine Solid Circles jewelry [33ab]Tiffany and co Cufflinks Fine Solid Circles jewelry [33ab]SEK 2,477 SEK 578 Spara: 77% mindre ImageTiffany and co Cufflinks Like Fine Silver Beads jewelry [7a72]
Tiffany and co Cufflinks Like Fine Silver Beads jewelry [7a72]SEK 2,450 SEK 569 Spara: 77% mindre ImageTiffany and co Cufflinks from the STREAMERICA Collection [5807]
Tiffany and co Cufflinks from the STREAMERICA Collection [5807]SEK 3,019 SEK 596 Spara: 80% mindre ImageTiffany och co Manschettknappar hjärta [57ff]
Tiffany och co Manschettknappar hjärta [57ff]SEK 2,936 SEK 587 Spara: 80% mindre ImageTiffany och co Manschettknappar Fine Silver Flakes smycken [2ccf]
Tiffany och co Manschettknappar Fine Silver Flakes smycken [2ccf]SEK 2,597 SEK 569 Spara: 78% mindre Erbjudanden för juli ImageTiffany and co Cufflinks Elsa Peretti Comma [38bf]
Tiffany and co Cufflinks Elsa Peretti Comma [38bf]SEK 3,019 SEK 587 Spara: 81% mindre ImageTiffany and co Cufflinks Exquisite Black Pearl Inlay jewelry [92ff]Tiffany and co Cufflinks Exquisite Black Pearl Inlay jewelry [92ff]SEK 2,468 SEK 606 Spara: 75% mindre ImageTiffany and co Cufflinks Fine Inlaid Black Box jewelry [516c]
Tiffany and co Cufflinks Fine Inlaid Black Box jewelry [516c]SEK 2,486 SEK 560 Spara: 77% mindre ImageTiffany and co Cufflinks Elsa Peretti Almond [2b25]
Tiffany and co Cufflinks Elsa Peretti Almond [2b25]SEK 3,083 SEK 606 Spara: 80% mindre ImageTiffany och co Manschettknappar Exquisite Silver Inlay Cubic T CO juvel [4861]
Tiffany och co Manschettknappar Exquisite Silver Inlay Cubic T CO juvel [4861]SEK 2,486 SEK 532 Spara: 79% mindre ImageTiffany and Co Cufflinks Black Round [468a]
Tiffany and Co Cufflinks Black Round [468a]SEK 2,771 SEK 560 Spara: 80% mindre ImageTiffany and co Cufflinks Collection [0af3]
Tiffany and co Cufflinks Collection [0af3]SEK 3,110 SEK 569 Spara: 82% mindre <div style="vertical-align: middle;height:158px">Image</div>Tiffany and co Cufflinks Exquisite Silver Inlay Dog jewelry [b0dd]SEK 2,542 SEK 560 Spara: 78% mindre ImageTiffany and co Cufflinks Elsa Peretti ETERNAL CIRCLE [6787]
Tiffany and co Cufflinks Elsa Peretti ETERNAL CIRCLE [6787]SEK 3,028 SEK 569 Spara: 81% mindre ImageTiffany och co Manschettknappar cirkel [7ece]
Tiffany och co Manschettknappar cirkel [7ece]SEK 3,193 SEK 587 Spara: 82% mindre <div style="vertical-align: middle;height:130px">Image</div>Tiffany och co Manschettknappar Elsa Peretti BEAN [39fd]SEK 3,074 SEK 551 Spara: 82% mindre ImageTiffany and co Cufflinks Elsa ETERNAL CIRCLE [2094]Tiffany and co Cufflinks Elsa ETERNAL CIRCLE [2094]SEK 3,193 SEK 606 Spara: 81% mindre ImageTiffany and co Cufflinks Exquisite Oval Circle jewelry [a0d2]
Tiffany and co Cufflinks Exquisite Oval Circle jewelry [a0d2]SEK 2,468 SEK 532 Spara: 78% mindre <div style="vertical-align: middle;height:130px">Image</div>Tiffany and co Cufflinks Cross [7bb5]SEK 3,083 SEK 624 Spara: 80% mindre ImageTiffany och co Manschettknappar Utsökta Diamond Semi smycken [13d5]
Tiffany och co Manschettknappar Utsökta Diamond Semi smycken [13d5]SEK 2,404 SEK 541 Spara: 77% mindre ImageTiffany and co Cufflinks Exquisite Diamond Square jewelry [3c4d]
Tiffany and co Cufflinks Exquisite Diamond Square jewelry [3c4d]SEK 2,486 SEK 495 Spara: 80% mindre ImageTiffany and co Cufflinks Exquisite Inlaid Box Letter jewelry [17e3]
Tiffany and co Cufflinks Exquisite Inlaid Box Letter jewelry [17e3]SEK 2,441 SEK 505 Spara: 79% mindre ImageTiffany och co Manschettknappar Cross Formad Fine Silver Box smycken [53ba]
Tiffany och co Manschettknappar Cross Formad Fine Silver Box smycken [53ba]SEK 2,486 SEK 560 Spara: 77% mindre Hem Frakt Grossist Försändelsespårning kuponger Betalningsmetoder Kontakta oss Tiffany smycken TIFFANY EFTERBILDA TIFFANY RABATT RING TIFFANY CHEAP Stoer TIFFANY HÖG EFTERBILDA Copyright © 2012-2016 All Rights Reserved. tiffany smycken
Tiffany & co
Quote Name
edarmellino vigorda, 12.01.2018 07:50:08
Roger Vivier on Sale | Roger Vivier | Roger Vivier on Sale
Roger Vivier Suede Spetsiga Black lägenheter skor 830L11 [b313] - SEK 2,019 : Professionell Roger Vivier butiker, rogervivierstore.cn
US Dollar
Euro
GB Pound
Canadian Dollar
Australian Dollar
Jappen Yen
Norske Krone
Swedish Krone
Danish Krone
CNY
Kategorier
Roger Vivier Boots
Roger Vivier Flats
Roger Vivier Pumps
Roger Vivier sandaler
Utvalda - [mer]
ImageRoger Vivier Zipper Multi Color Long Stövlar U22120 [8745]
Roger Vivier Zipper Multi Color Long Stövlar U22120 [8745]SEK 5,964 SEK 2,532Spara: 58% mindreImageRoger Vivier Fur Mid Boots Black 84125V [2040]
Roger Vivier Fur Mid Boots Black 84125V [2040]SEK 5,964 SEK 2,532Spara: 58% mindreImageRoger Vivier Belle Vivier 45mm Patent Läder Claret W7K4ND [1f49]
Roger Vivier Belle Vivier 45mm Patent Läder Claret W7K4ND [1f49]SEK 3,083 SEK 1,991Spara: 35% mindre

Hem ::
Roger Vivier Flats ::
Roger Vivier Suede Spetsiga Black lägenheter skor 830L11 [b313]
.jqzoom{
float:left;
position:relative;
padding:0px;
cursor:pointer;
width:301px;
height:337px;
}
Image
Roger Vivier Suede Spetsiga Black lägenheter skor 830L11 [b313]
SEK 3,101 SEK 2,019Spara: 35% mindre
Vänligen välj:
Size
-- Please Choose Size--
EUR35=US5=UK3
EUR36=US6=UK4
EUR37=US7=UK5
EUR38=US8=UK6
EUR39=US9=UK7
EUR40=US10=UK8


Lägg i korgen:


Roger Vivier Suede Spetsiga Black lägenheter skor 830L11
Roger Vivier Flats Ballerinas som klassisk stil av Roger Vivier skor har förlängt syster stilar såsom Roger Vivier Gommette Ballerinas, Roger Vivier Ballerina, Roger Vivier Belle Ballerinas och Roger Vivier Blue utskurna Ballets.
Image



Related Products
ImageRoger Vivier Belle Vivier Ballerinas Flats Suede Rose Indiano 4NRI86 [e8a6]
Roger Vivier Belle Vivier Ballerinas Flats Suede Rose Indiano 4NRI86 [e8a6]
ImageRoger Vivier Cut-out Patent Läder Ljus Blåa Enkla Ballets skor 87CXB7 [f5d4]
ImageRoger Vivier Cut-out skinn BlĂĄa Enkla Ballets skor 83Q022 [9357]
Roger Vivier Cut-out skinn BlĂĄa Enkla Ballets skor 83Q022 [9357]
ImageRoger Vivier Gommette Ballerinas Patent Läder falts Rosa P45A7M [8143]

ImageSkriv en recension

de kategorierROGER VIVIER SNEAKERS
ROGER VIVIER FLATS
ROGER VIVIER SANDALERInformationBetalning
Frakt u0026 Retur
KundtjänstKontakta oss
Grossist
Betalning&Frakt Image
Copyright u0026 copy; 2016-2017ROGER VIVIER Outlet Store Online. powered byROGER VIVIER Store Online, Inc.
Roger Vivier Shoes Sale
Cheap Roger Vivier Outlet
Pages: Prev. 1 ... 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 ... 892 Next
Enter your Post*
Spam bot protection (CAPTCHA)